West Virginia’s Maple Trees: Most Common Types


West Virginia boasts diverse maple trees: Sugar Maple, prized for fall colors and utility; fast-growing Silver Maple with silver bark; Red Maple, ornamental with red foliage and blooms; Striped Maple, ornamental with striped bark; and Boxelder Maple, lesser-known and fast-growing.

Maple trees are a common sight in West Virginia, and there are several types of maple trees that grow in the state.

In this article, we will explore the different types of maple trees that can be found in West Virginia and their unique characteristics.

Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

The Sugar Maple is West Virginia’s state tree and is one of the most versatile and beloved trees in America.

It is known for its beautiful fall foliage, which ranges from yellow to orange to red.

The Sugar Maple is an excellent shade tree and is also used for its wood, furniture, and syrup.

The tree can grow up to 100 feet tall and has a broad, spreading crown.

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)

The Silver Maple is known for its fast growth and is often used as a shade tree.

It has a distinctive silver-gray bark and can grow up to 80 feet tall. The leaves of the Silver Maple are deeply lobed and have a silvery underside.

The tree is also known for its beautiful fall foliage, which ranges from yellow to orange.

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

The Red Maple is known for its brilliant red fall foliage and is often used as an ornamental tree.

It can grow up to 70 feet tall and has a narrow, upright crown.

The leaves of the Red Maple are three-lobed and have a distinctive red color in the fall.

The tree is also known for its early spring blooms, which are a source of nectar for bees.

Striped Maple (Acer pensylvanicum)

The Striped Maple is known for its distinctive green and white striped bark and is often used as an ornamental tree.

It can grow up to 40 feet tall and has a narrow, upright crown.

The leaves of the Striped Maple are large and have five lobes.

The tree is also known for its early spring blooms, which are a source of nectar for bees.

Boxelder Maple (Acer negundo)

The Boxelder Maple is known for its fast growth and is often used as a shade tree, although it is not as popular as other maple species.

It can grow up to 50 feet tall and has a narrow, upright crown. The leaves of the Boxelder Maple are compound and have three to seven leaflets.

The tree is also known for its early spring blooms, which are a source of nectar for bees.

Sources:

[1] https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/619

[2] https://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-tree/west-virginia.html

[3] https://www.progardentips.com/maple-trees-in-west-virginia/

[4] https://treevitalize.com/trees-native-to-west-virginia/

[5] https://sarpo.net/the-most-common-trees-in-west-virginia-a-guide-to-identifying-and-enjoying-them/

[6] https://regionalgardening.com/common-native-maple-trees-in-virginia/

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