8 Types of Maple Trees Found in Ohio


There are eight types of maple trees found in Ohio, including the Sugar Maple, Mountain Maple, Red Maple, Black Maple, Silver Maple, Norway Maple, Amur Maple, and Striped Maple.

Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)

Sugar maple is a favorite shade tree with reliable fall color. It is found throughout all of Ohio, but flourishes in the eastern half of the state.

Sugar maple trees can grow up to 100 feet tall and have a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are 3-6 inches long and have five lobes with a deep green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a brilliant orange, red, or yellow color. Sugar maple trees produce a sweet sap that is used to make maple syrup.

Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

Red maple is located throughout all of Ohio, found naturally in moist areas of open woodlands and more commonly along creeks and bottomlands where the soil is moist.

Red maple trees can grow up to 60 feet tall and have a rounded crown. The leaves are 2-6 inches long and have three to five lobes with a bright green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a brilliant red color. Red maple trees are known for their early spring blooms, which produce small red flowers.

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)

Silver maple is found throughout Ohio and is often planted as a shade tree in urban areas. It is known for its fast growth rate and tolerance of a wide range of soil types.

Silver maple trees can grow up to 100 feet tall and have a broad, spreading crown. The leaves are 3-6 inches long and have five lobes with a light green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a yellow color.

Silver maple trees produce a winged fruit called a samara, which is often referred to as a “helicopter” due to its spinning motion as it falls from the tree.

Black Maple (Acer nigrum)

Black maple is native to the eastern United States, including Ohio. It is similar in appearance to the sugar maple and is often used for syrup production.

Black maple trees can grow up to 80 feet tall and have a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are 3-6 inches long and have five lobes with a dark green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a yellow or orange color.

Black maple trees produce a sweet sap that is used to make maple syrup.

Mountain Maple (Acer spicatum)

Mountain maple is found in the eastern half of Ohio and is often found in higher elevations. It is a small tree or large shrub that is known for its fall color.

Mountain maple trees can grow up to 20 feet tall and have a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are 2-4 inches long and have three to five lobes with a dark green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a brilliant red or orange color.

Mountain maple trees produce a winged fruit called a samara, which is often referred to as a “helicopter” due to its spinning motion as it falls from the tree.

Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)

Norway maple is not native to Ohio, but is often planted as an ornamental tree. It is known for its large leaves and yellow fall color.

Norway maple trees can grow up to 50 feet tall and have a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are 4-7 inches long and have five lobes with a dark green color.

In the fall, the leaves turn a yellow color.

Norway maple trees produce a winged fruit called a samara, which is often referred to as a “helicopter” due to its spinning motion as it falls from the tree.

FAQ

Q: Are maple trees native to Ohio?

A: Yes, several species of maple trees are native to Ohio, including sugar maple, red maple, silver maple, black maple, and mountain maple.

Q: Can maple trees grow in Ohio’s climate?

A: Yes, maple trees can grow in Ohio’s climate. They are well-adapted to the state’s temperate climate and can thrive in a variety of soil types.

Q: Are maple trees invasive in Ohio?

A: Some species of maple trees, such as the Norway maple, are considered invasive in Ohio and can outcompete native species. It is important to choose native species when planting trees in Ohio.

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